reasons for the appearance of papillomas on the body

Papillomas or warts are the most common disease. The presence of growths on the skin was noted in 80% of the population. This deficiency is caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). Neoplasms can occur on any part of the body: on the neck, arms, face, external genitalia, as well as in the internal visceral organs. However, at first glance, these harmless neoplasms can degenerate into malignant formations and cause melanoma - skin cancer.

Papillomas arise from the superficial epithelium of the skin (nipple) and the mucous membrane of internal organs (condyloma). They can be of various shapes, for example, round or stick-shaped, generally rising above the skin and having a typical color. Each nipple has the same type of structure: a base formed of connective tissue (collagen and elastin, in the composition of loose fibrous tissue, give elasticity to the stroma skeleton) and blood capillaries located in the center of the nipple.

Why small papillomas appear on the body

The only reason for any growths on the body is HPV damage due to a weakened immune system. About 120 types of viruses are known. Infection most often occurs after the inflammatory process. The viral activity of HPV depends on the immune status and individual response of the human body.

Minor damage to the skin area, various microtraumas, violation of the epidermal barrier allow the virus to penetrate into the upper layers of the skin. This virus does not circulate in the bloodstream, but is located directly in the dermis. Therefore, the incubation period is not shorter than 3 and not longer than 5 months. It passes with latent symptoms. Only after 5 months will there be noticeable clinical changes. The double-stranded DNA helix, which is part of it, ensures recurrence of the disease, even after an immune response or clinical cure, because the single DNA is retained in the cells of the epidermis.

There are four main causes of virus infection:

  • Reason for contact and household - physical contact (handling) with the carrier of this virus, as well as the use of personal hygiene items of the patient.
  • Suppressed action of the general and local immune system, due to the existing inflammatory process or constant stress.
  • From mother to child (anogenital warts). It is transmitted by birth and has a high risk of progression and a large area of ​​distribution.
  • Sexual contact with a patient with HPV in 50% of cases.
how papillomas look on the body

Contact household infection ranks first in the number of cases. The hands are the most exposed and unprotected part of the body. Therefore, small papillomas often appear on the hands.

Papillomas are classified according to several morphological classifications.

Distinguish by size: small and large papillomas.

Warts have the shape:

  • Ordinary- localized on the free girdle of the upper extremities: palmar surface of the hand, phalanges of the fingers, elbow, dorsum of the hand. They are spherical.
  • Simple- found all over the body, more often on the neck and arms. They look like a gray bubble rising above the skin.
  • Pointed- They look like sand. They are small and white in appearance, in the shape of a stick.
  • Seborrheic keratosesare warts associated with aging. Keratinous, which do not have a pathogenic character due to their different origin.
  • The spinesare the roughest and hardest. Often large and high above the skin.

By location: plantar (hands and feet), flat (papillomas on the body), ordinary (hands), butcher's nipples (on the plantar surface of the feet).

Etiology of warts: congenital and acquired.

Small papillomas can occur most often in patients. And it is precisely this type that is capable of forming groups.

What is the danger of small papillomas

The danger of small papillomas is that they are difficult to see on the body and can appear unexpectedly. This increases the risk of HPV infection.

how to get rid of small papillomas

If you have small warts after skin contact, see a dermatologist. A highly specialized doctor will be able to distinguish the type of papilloma and the period of its existence, which will serve as a basis for prescribing treatment.

Do not tear, do not try to get rid of small papillomas yourself, and even more with the help of folk methods. You can do yourself a favor! Because benign neoplasms have a risk of degeneration into oncology, the resulting growths must be removed at the clinic.

Some types of human papillomavirus are highly oncogenic. And they can cause not only skin cancer (melanoma), but also cancer of the cervix (in women) and anal ring (in men), the formation of polyps of internal organs.

Papillomas on the body that are located in places where there is increased friction or their damage must be removed immediately! To avoid pathologies.

How to remove small papillomas by different methods

Because this defect occurs more often in women than in men, most wart removal occurs at the initiative of patients. Even for no apparent reason. How to remove papillomas on the body?

Type of treatment:

  • Use of drugs that affect the immune system. Immunomodulators and immunocorrectors, immunostimulants and other drugs that are immunotropic, enhance the immune response and normalize the specific damaged connection of the immune system.
  • Use of intramuscular injections and rectal suppositories with antiviral effect in combination with vitamins.
  • Drugs are prescribed to boost the immune response, which stimulates the production of your own interferons.
  • Use of herbal medicine for general strengthening of the body.

Surgical type of treatment:

  1. Surgical excisionis ​​the first method of papilloma removal. It is common among other species. Nipple excision is performed with all lower tissues. The effectiveness of this method is 65% and the overall recurrence is about 30%. A side effect of surgical excision is scarring. This technique is used to remove papillomas localized on the lower extremities.
  2. Chemical coagulation- burning of warts with chemicals. 95% silver nitrate, 17% salicylic acid and cantharidin are used. The most powerful is cantharidin. By penetrating the lower layers of the skin and destroying the nipple. A long and expensive method. The efficiency of this technique is about 80%.

Methods for removing very small papillomas

How to remove "very small" papillae? In modern clinics, there are a huge number of techniques for removing small warts without cosmetic defects.

If you plan to get rid of annoying growths all over your body quickly and effectively, here are some of the best techniques for removing very small growths:

  • Cryotherapy.Freezing with liquid nitrogen. The fastest and most affordable technique will take no more than 15 minutes. It is recommended for removing papillomas on the face and neck.
  • Laser destruction method.There are several types of lasers. The most popular is the carbon dioxide laser. The final cure comes 7 days after surgery. Recommended for hard-to-reach nipples.
  • Photodynamic therapy for warts.It is performed using a long wavelength of light. The most effective method (95%), the lumps will be easily removed and no scars will remain.

Prevent small growths

Preventing disease is always easier than cure! Let this slogan become your life's merit. In preventing the appearance of papillomas, it is important to lead a healthy lifestyle. Give up bad habits (smoking) for your health! Strengthen your immune system and start treatment on time, if necessary. Get rid of stress and get more rest. Try to eat properly, get enough sleep and spend time outdoors. Monitor your health, visit the clinic every year and have routine checkups. If you suspect HPV or papilloma, contact your doctor immediately. Follow the rules of prevention and you will not care about any disease.