Vaginal papillomas: symptoms and treatment

Papillomas in a woman's vagina

Papillomas in the vagina are small formations of benign nature, localized in the perineal area and on the mucous membranes of the vaginal walls. The reason for the appearance of such nodules, which are called warts in medicine, is the infection with the human papilloma virus. Treatment of this type of papilloma has its own characteristics, since most means for external use and alternative methods can not be used on the mucous membranes.

What do papillomas look like in the vagina?

Close to a papilloma in the vagina

The woman herself can hardly imagine what papillomas look like inside the vagina, usually the disease is diagnosed accidentally during a gynecological examination.

Sometimes, with the localization of growths in the labia and entering the vagina, a woman can feel them during washing or showering. Small warts do not manifest in any way and do not cause any discomfort.

Warts differ in appearance: they can be pointed or in a shape reminiscent of roosters. There are single papillomas or large fused clusters of growths. Pointed papillomas resemble white villi on the legs, which can rupture, in which case a small amount of unpleasant-smelling fluid comes out of them.

Note! In the early stages of the disease, papillomas inside the vagina are small spider veins that are difficult to notice even during a gynecological examination.

From a medical point of view, papillomas in the vagina are divided into two types:

  • Exophyte. . . These are benign formations that protrude above the surface of the mucosa, and they are called pointed.
  • Endophyte. . . Such condylomata grow inside the epithelium, are flat in appearance and are not immediately noticeable. On examination they are noticed as small seals on the mucosa. It is these papillomas in the vagina that are most dangerous because they can degenerate into malignant tumors.

The color of genital warts can be light pink or dark brown. As the disease progresses, the formations grow and merge into growths that look like cauliflower flowers. Large groups of papillomas are easily visually identifiable, in addition to bringing significant discomfort to the woman, especially during sexual intercourse.

When papillomas appear in the vagina, a woman may not feel the symptoms of the disease for a long time. Unpleasant sensations increase as the growths grow. They can be injured during intercourse, in some cases light bleeding and pain are possible. This type of discomfort usually forces a woman to consult a gynecologist who makes the diagnosis.

Bitan! The disease is almost impossible to recognize in the initial phase, because HPV has a long incubation period. The first symptoms may appear only 2-3 months after infection. The sooner the virus manifests, the better the prognosis for complete recovery.

Reasons for the appearance of papillomas in the vagina

3D model of HPV (human papilloma virus)

The cause of the appearance and growth of papillomas in the vagina is a papilloma virus infection. Most often, such localization of genital warts is typical for women who neglect barrier contraceptives. Sometimes a man may not know that he is a carrier of the virus, often he has no symptoms of the disease, but in his partner they begin to manifest clearly.

It should be said that it is possible to become infected with the papilloma virus even with protected sexual intercourse, since the carrier of the infection is present on the skin and hair in the external genital area of males. For infection, even minimal contact with a virus carrier is quite sufficient. Infection occurs especially easily when the body's defenses in a woman are weakened.

The mere impact of pathogenic microflora on the mucous membrane of the female genitals does not necessarily lead to the development of the disease. Papillomas inside the vagina begin to grow actively under the influence of a number of negative factors:

  • systemic diseases of various etiologies that negatively affect the immune status (infectious diseases, pathologies of the endocrine system, problems with the genitourinary system, etc. );
  • undergo surgical interventions, especially those associated with general anesthesia;
  • excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, smoking;
  • drug addiction, and immunity is noticeably weakened under the influence of soft drugs and smoking mixtures;
  • promiscuous sex life, frequent change of sexual partners;
  • constant nervous tension, stress, lack of sleep;
  • early pregnancy and adolescent childbirth;
  • inflammatory processes in the body, chronic sexually transmitted diseases;
  • excessive physical activity, violation of the regime of work and rest;
  • unbalanced diet, anorexia, lack of vitamins and minerals in the body.

In addition, papillomas in the vagina can causeexternal reasons, for example, poor environmental conditions or poor personal hygiene.

The catalyst for the activation of papilloma virus and the appearance of genital warts on the mucous membrane of the genital organs can bethe presence of HIV in the body. . .

Bitan! The absence of papillomas in the vagina after sexual contact with an infected man does not mean that the woman is not infected with HPV. With strong immunity, the disease may not manifest in any way, but the woman herself becomes a source of potential danger.

Treatment of papillomas in the vagina

Papillomas in the vagina are just a manifestation of the human papilloma virus, so treatment will be effective if a whole range of measures are used. First of all, antiviral drug therapy is carried out, which includes drugs for internal use, including injections, and agents for local exposure. Prescriptions of traditional medicine also give a certain effect, which can be used only in consultation with a doctor. Traditional agents for external use are also not always suitable for cauterizing vaginal papillomas, as they act on such formations too aggressively and can cause severe burns to the mucosa.

Medications for the treatment of vaginal papillomas

The choice of drugs for the treatment of vaginal papillomas depends on the results of the examination, which includes a number of mandatory diagnostic measures: gynecological examination using a mirror to detect the presence of genital warts, examination with a colposcope, which allows you to see flat growths, analysis for human papilloma virus type.

Based on the research and the results of the analysis, the doctor must prescribe a set of drugs for internal and local use. This complex includes antiviral agents, drugs to boost immunity and agents to directly fight papillomas in the vagina. Among these drugs can be distinguished the most effective:

  • The latest means of strengthening the immune system, produced in the form of tablets in a dose of 1 or 10 mg. The drug has no toxic effect. In addition to raising immunity, the agent also has antitumor activity. Take 1 tablet daily before meals.
  • Herbal tablets with antiviral and bacteriostatic effect. In the treatment of vaginal papillomas, 1 tablet is prescribed 3 times a day.
  • One of the most modern antiviral drugs that acts directly on the pathogenic microflora. Made in Israel. It also has an immunomodulatory effect. It is produced in the form of tablets in a dose of 500 mg. The course of treatment usually lasts 2 weeks with the intake of 2 tablets 3 times a day.
  • The product is on a natural basis, is a powerful immunomodulator, and has a pronounced antiviral effect. It is used for local exposure and is available in various dosage forms, including vaginal suppositories.

If papillomas are found in the vagina, the method of treatment of this disease with drugs can be determined only by the attending physician, because each of the drugs has its own contraindications and side effects. In some cases, drug therapy may be sufficient and vaginal papillomas will disappear after one or more treatments.

Bitan! Treatment of papillomas in the vagina during gestation requires special care. Most popular antiviral drugs should not be taken during pregnancy, so self-medication is not allowed during this period.

Hardware removal of papillomas in the vagina

Laser removal of papillomas in the vagina

Removal of papillomas in the vagina by various hardware techniques is used in cases where drug treatment has not brought the expected result. The choice of method is made by the doctor based on the available equipment and individual characteristics of the development of the disease.

Modern medicine offers the following methods:

  • Cryodestruction. . . This is the removal of papillomas using low temperatures. A popular and proven method for removing formations on the skin and mucous membranes. The action is based on the ability of liquid nitrogen to destroy the structure of papillomas and stop the process of their growth. The latest devices are used in modern clinics. The procedure is affordable and popular for its rapid healing, although it is accompanied by some discomfort during cauterization. The price of the procedure depends on the level of the clinic.
  • Laser removal. . . The most modern, but also the most expensive method of removing papillomas in the vagina. Its advantage is the possibility of removing genital warts in 1 session with minimal discomfort. Under the action of the laser beam, the formation on the mucosa instantly dries and disappears.
  • Electrocoagulation. . . The method of removing papillomas in the vagina is based on the ability of electric current to destroy the structure of growths on the skin and mucous membranes and stop their growth.
  • Radio wave removal. . . This is the least painful way to remove papillomas, so it is especially popular. Under the influence of radio waves, the DNA of the virus is destroyed, and further multiplication of pathogenic cells becomes impossible.

Hardware methods of removing papillomas in the vagina are associated with certain difficulties due to the inability to accurately act on growths located deep in the vagina, so the procedure can be performed only by an experienced physician.

Folk remedies for papillomas in the vagina

Buckthorn oil from papillomas in the vagina

Usually doctors do not oppose traditional methods of treating papillomas on the skin, but the formations on the mucosa require special care. This is especially true of papillomas at the entrance to the vagina and on its walls. Such localization of the growth excludes the possibility of women acting precisely on the surface of the genital warts, and there is a high risk of burns to the surrounding tissue.

From traditional medicine you can use buckthorn oil which has bactericidal action, ammonia soap and tar.

It should be understood that alternative methods of treatment are in addition to the main therapy, because they cannot free a woman from the root cause of the appearance of genital warts. Getting rid of human papilloma virus is possible only with long-term systemic treatment under the supervision of a qualified specialist.

Bitan! Using any prescription of traditional medicine requires a mandatory discussion with the attending physician.

Prevention of papilloma in the vagina

Fruit consumption - prevention of papilloma in the vagina

Prevention of vaginal papillomas comes down to following the following recommendations:

  • that there is no suspicious sex without the use of condoms;
  • if possible, inquire about the sexual partner's health condition;
  • carefully monitor personal hygiene;
  • avoid nervous and physical overload;
  • stick to a proper diet, eat more fruits and vegetables;
  • consult a doctor at the first symptoms of the disease.

In conclusion, HPV is a very common virus, and not all patients have pronounced symptoms of infection. The appearance of papillomas in the vagina requires treatment in the earliest stages of the disease, in which case complex therapy can give a good effect.