Why do warts grow?

Why warts grow is a question that a dermatovenerologist can often hear from patients.

These neoplasms are often the cause of not only aesthetic, but also physical discomfort.

warts on a woman's body

It is therefore not surprising that patients are interested in how to get rid of them.

Patients are often interested in what these growths are and why warts grow on the hands and other parts of the body.

What provoking factors affect their appearance and what are the ways to get rid of the pathology?

Warts: what are they

If a person discovers that his nipple has started to grow, he inadvertently wonders what it is and where the growths come from.

Warts are benign skin lesions.

A person owes their appearance to a human papilloma virus infection.

The virus is considered very widespread; about 90% of the entire population of the planet suffers from it.

The peculiarity of the infection is that its symptoms may be absent for a long time.

human papilloma virus in the body

Until the body is exposed to any negative effects.

Today, it is very easy to get HPV, doctors say.

There are several ways.

  • Sexual contact. Sex without a condom easily leads to the transition of the infection from a sick person or carrier to a healthy one. Moreover, even a condom is not always able to protect a person from this viral pathology. Although it significantly reduces the likelihood of infection. It is important to remember that not only classic sexual intercourse is dangerous, but also oral and anal sex.
  • Vertical path. Another fairly common method of infection. In this case, the virus enters the child's body from the body of the sick mother. The moment it passes through her birth canal. In exceptional cases, transplacental infection is also possible. But for that, special conditions must be met.
  • Contact-home mode. The human papilloma virus can remain on common sponges, towels and bedding. Of course, if a healthy person comes in contact with the personal hygiene items of an infected person, an infection is possible.
infection with the virus through personal belongings

It is important to remember that warts are just one of the manifestations of HPV.

Also, the virus can be felt by the development of papillomas, genital warts and other types of neoplasms.

Moreover, some subtypes (strains) of the virus are highly oncogenic.

This can lead to the development of malignant neoplasms if treatment is not started on time.

Types of warts

No matter how fast a wart grows, doctors distinguish several types of this uncomfortable skin formation.

Depending on the type of wart, its localization can be judged, as well as the alleged removal features.


  • ordinary growths, the formation of which most often occurs on the face and hands, and especially often children suffer from them, in most cases many growths appear at once, are rarely solitary;
  • flat neoplasms - another variant of pathology that affects the face, neck, arms, often does not differ from the general color of the skin color, which can make them somewhat difficult to detect;
  • plantar warts are formed on the soles and their structure resembles the most common corn, which can cause significant discomfort when walking;
  • plantar warts on the foot
  • senile formations appear in elderly patients, are usually small in size at first, but over time acquire a clear tendency to grow, can cause discomfort because they are often located on closed parts of the body and are subject to friction.

Some also call genital warts warts, but this is not entirely true, although the nature of the formation is similar.

It is very important to understand what type the identified wart belongs to.

Because this will allow the doctor to choose the optimal removal tactics as well as means to prevent recurrence.

Causes of warts

Often patients, wondering why warts grow on the body, face and extremities, ask their doctors if the localization of the growth somehow depends on their nature.

It is important to understand that the main reason for the appearance is always the same - it is the human papilloma virus activated in the body.

If the patient is not ill with HPV, then he will not form warts anywhere and ever.

If there is a virus in the body, the neoplasm can appear anywhere.

In some people, the virus is not felt for a lifetime.

Moreover, if the immune system is strong enough, the patient may not even know that he is infected.

Unless specialized studies have been conducted.

If a neoplasm has occurred, it should be understood that the infection has already occurred.

Today, unfortunately, it is impossible to get rid of HPV from your body.

However, with effort, you can reduce the recurrence of the pathology to a minimum so that the virus no longer resembles itself.

Warts grow on the headmost often due to the fact that it has the most blood vessels.

warts on the head

This means that the easiest way for the virus to enter these zones is to infect the maximum number of cells.

However, patients often ask why other parts of the body are affected.

Why warts grow on the hands

It is not uncommon for people to ask their doctors why warts grow on their fingers.

There are several reasons.

First of all, as doctors note, the reason is that the hands are one of the main parts that are in constant contact with the external environment.

Consequently, the easiest way for the virus to enter the body is through them through contact-host.

True, as doctors note, if there are no injuries and injuries to the skin of the hands, the risk of infection is minimized.

But if the patient's skin is traumatized, it becomes extremely easy to become infected.

Among other reasons, they are called:

  • constant contact with objects of the external environment in public places (handrails, handles, common objects) that can become infected;
  • handling a person who is ill with HPV and has characteristic rashes or microtraumas on the skin on the hands, through which the virus can reach a healthy person;
  • infection by handling
  • excessive dryness of the skin, which contributes to the creation of various microtraumas;
  • sweating of the palms, which also negatively affects the protective properties of the skin;
  • regular trauma to the skin in the hands (work in industry without gloves, cuts, etc. );
  • ignoring the recommendation to use gloves in cold weather (slowing blood flow in the hands allows viruses to accumulate and more actively infect healthy cells).
Warts in the sole area

A wart on the leg also grows in frequent cases.

The patient may initially ignore it for a long time or fight it in the same way as he usually fights a blister.

But these methods have proven ineffective.

There are several reasons for the appearance of growths caused by HPV in the sole area:

  • the nipple hurts and grows on the sole if a person often wears shoes made of unnatural materials, in which the skin sweats heavily and does not allow the foot to breathe normally;
  • pathological growth is also possible if the patient walks without shoes in saunas, baths, swimming pools (since these places are considered public, the virus can easily enter the environment, and due to high humidity it can stay in it for a long time);
  • wart infestation in the sauna
  • constant wearing of rubber shoes also negatively affects heat exchange and sweating, which can lead to the development of infection;
  • as in the case of the hands, excessive dryness of the skin also plays a role, leading to easier trauma to the skin than usual (e. g. due to dryness the heels often crack and the wounds become a good gateway for infection);
  • fungal diseases of the feet also contribute to HPV infection because they reduce local immunity.
The wart began to grow: provoking factors

As already mentioned, the human papilloma virus, even if there is an infection, does not manifest in all people.

If the wart grows and itches or hurts?

This is a reason to think about the fact that the body was affected by any pathological factors that negatively affected immunity.

Among the reasons for the growth of warts or provoking factors are often called:

  • the presence of diabetes mellitus of any kind in a state of decompensation;
  • be infected with HIV;
  • HIV causes warts to grow
  • decreased immunity under the influence of environmental factors (for example, due to cold, unhealthy diet, etc. );
  • period of pregnancy, which is always associated with immunosuppression, otherwise the woman would not be able to bear the fetus;
  • the use of drugs with glucocorticosteroid hormones in the composition, which have an immunosuppressive effect;
  • some severe genetic pathologies can lead to virus activation;
  • ignoring the rules of hygiene can cause pathological processes in the body;
  • neglect of the principle of protection during sexual intercourse also often leads to infection and then to the development of the disease;
  • exposure to severe stress and overwork negatively affects the body's immune defenses in all cases.

Exposure to one or more of these factors can lead to the fact that warts begin to grow in an adult or child.

Wart removal methods

What to do if the wart grows, many patients are interested in their doctors.

After all, this pathology, although usually not painful, still causes aesthetic discomfort.

Especially ifthe wart grows on the face. . .

First of all, a patient with a similar problem is advised to undergo plaque removal.

removal of warts by a surgeon

One of the following methods can be selected:

  • chemical removal with the help of special drugs, with which the neoplasm is cauterized until it completely disappears;
  • laser removal, which is also based on burning with a directed beam of air, which minimally traumatizes the surrounding tissues;
  • cryotherapy, in which the removal is carried out with the help of nitrogen, which sharply cools the pathological tissues, thereby killing them;
  • electrocoagulation is another popular method in which removal is ensured due to the point effect of current;
  • Surgical intervention is a technique that is used in exceptional cases if the growth is large or there are contraindications for the use of other methods of intervention.

If the wart grows on the eye or the growth is localized on any other part of the face, be sure to consult a doctor.

You cannot fight such delicately located neoplasms on your own.

Because it can lead to serious complications.

After the removal, the doctor cannot guarantee that the warts will not appear again.

Relapses of pathology are recorded in about 30% of cases.

Also, in some cases, the growths disappear on their own without external interference.

Which doctor should you consult if your nipples are growing?

If warts grow on the neckor on other parts of the body, then which doctor to consult, patients are interested.

First of all, it is worth visiting a dermatovenerologist.

It is this expert who deals with various skin pathologies, including those caused by viral infections.

examination of warts in dermatovenerog

The doctor specializes in both dermatology and venereology.

He can also give advice on how to boost immunity to prevent the recurrence of neoplasms.

Warts are unpleasant growths on the skin.

They significantly reduce the aesthetic appeal, especially if they are located in prominent places.

A person suffers especially when the face is affected.

A timely visit to the doctor will help you get rid of the growths caused by HPV more easily.

And adhering to the recommendations will prevent relapses.

If warts appear, consult a dermatovenerologist at a specialized clinic.