Papilloma on the tongue

The patient seeks help from a dermatologist when a papilloma is found on the tongue

Papilloma of the tongue is a dangerous manifestation of the activity of the virus and develops from epithelial cells. It can form not only on the surface of the tongue, but also on the mucous membranes in the oral cavity. Such neoplasms are painful, bleeding is often observed, their appearance is associated with inflammation.

What is a papilloma on the tongue

It is not difficult to detect the presence of growths on the surface of the tongue. This growth is characterized by a rounded shape, protrudes above the mucosa and has a wide base.

Papillomas on the tongue are a dangerous manifestation of HPV. Symptoms: growths on the tongue are rounded, up to 2 cm in size, wart-like, soft texture.

Diagnosis: differential diagnosis with oncological diseases of the tongue. Treatment: antiviral, immunocorrectors, removal.

The size of the formation is from 2 mm to 2 cm Location: mostly on the back or edges of the tongue. In some cases - on top of it or below it. When a neoplasm is located near the root of the tongue, it can only be identified if it is examined by a doctor or if it has extensive growth.

On the outside, the papilloma looks like a wart, is similar in color to the nuances of nearby tissues, and has a soft structure. Both single and multiple growths are formed on the surface of the tongue.

Often the presence of papillomas on the tongue is not given due attention and a specialist is visited if the growths have become impressive in size or their number has increased significantly.

The papilla itself does not cause pain or itching. But due to frequent injuries, severe pain and bleeding occur. In addition, the growth interferes with the process of chewing, swallowing, speech, and sometimes breathing.

Papilloma of the tongue is often found in the practice of dentists and ENT doctors. Removal is usually performed by otorhinolaryngologists.

The radiowave method is used more often than others.

Exciter characteristics:

  • Laboratory signsvisiblenot immediately after infection. It will take about 3 months before the growth is detected.
  • The virus can occur in people with low levelsimmunity.In this regard, experts advise people with HPV to be tested for HIV.
  • In some cases, recovery is possibleon his own.During the recovery period, the warts may disappear on their own.
  • eliminationexternal symptoms do not lead to elimination from the viral agent. There is no specific etiological therapy, antiviral agents are used in the treatment. They are effective in the presence of herpesvirus, hepatitis and other infections.


After determining the growth on the surface of the tongue or in the throat, it is necessary to determine which type this condyloma belongs to. They are divided into 2 types:

  • Reactive.Papillomas are the result of the harmful effects of various irritants. These are mostly mechanical, chemical, thermal or infectious lesions.
  • Neoplastic.It is very rarely seen. On the outside they resemble ordinary multiple nodular growths. They are presented in groups or individual papules.

Papillomas that occur in children and adults on the surface of the tongue or in the throat also distinguish 2 types.

pointed out

This is a growth under the tongue, which has a light pink hue and a sharp shape. In some cases, they can grow.

On the outside it is similar to a cauliflower bloom. A similar neoplasm forms on the legs. Small in size but causes significant pain.

Sometimes there is discomfort in the process of swallowing. Spiky papilla bothers, rubs against teeth and cheeks. A favorite spot for this wart will be the area under the tongue.

You have to be extremely careful. Self-therapy is forbidden. Treatment is allowed only under the supervision of a specialist.


They are characterized by clear marked contours, slightly protruding above the skin surface. They are located in the throat, on the tonsils, on the small tongue. They do not cause much pain. They are extremely difficult to detect.

Each examination should be performed by a doctor in a hospital setting. Self-medication can lead to consequences for people's lives and health. Therapy involves the use of various drugs. There is no need for surgery.

When such growths occur in children, their difference will be the overgrowth of the mucosal tissue of the small tongue.

Location zones

Outgrowths select areas on the oral mucosa that are susceptible to regular injury. When the stroma is involved in ongoing inflammation, the growth grows rapidly. This is due to the fact that the stroma is the basis for the organs.

It is formed from connective tissue that is saturated with blood and lymph vessels with multiple nerve endings. Such an environment is favorable for condyloma. It immediately begins to grow, turns into an ulcer, bleeds and causes severe discomfort.

Neoplasms that are found individually on the surface of the tongue require special attention. Similar symptoms are characteristic of women. The result is neuralgia.

Even if the nipples are in a place where they are invisible, the sensations in the oral cavity cause significant discomfort.


Papilloma on the tongue hardly remains invisible. Unpleasant sensations, tingling, pain are concentrated at a certain point on the surface of the tongue.

The patient looks at the affected area and discovers a mild white growth that looks like a purulent pimple. The main reason for the appearance of genital warts on the surface of the tongue is human HPV infection.

This is influenced by a number of provoking factors:

  • reduced workimmunesystems.
  • Tobacco smoking.
  • Excessive usealcohol.
  • Receptiondrugs.
  • chaoticsexylife.
  • Permanentlycoldsdiseases.
  • Oral self-administrationcontraceptives.


Before visiting a doctor, a person must find out what worries him. It is necessary to identify the place of discomfort on the surface of the tongue. In children it is a shooting or aching pain, in adulthood a feeling of a foreign body or constant discomfort in a certain place of the tongue.

Specifically, papillomas can be diagnosed on the following grounds:

  • Growth is onleg.
  • Surfacethe nipples are mild.
  • Huenipples are similar shades of tongue.
  • Dimensionsrange from 2 mm to 2 cm.

The favorite place for growths is the side walls of the tongue. Less often - below or at the top.

The neoplasm does not cause severe pain, but there is discomfort or a foreign body sensation. Often there is more than one growth, with a detailed examination it is possible to identify a whole group of smaller neoplasms.

Appropriate attitude towards one's own health will help to identify papillomas on the tongue in time.


The growth on the front surface of the tongue is immediately visible. It interferes with normal eating, conversation, bleeds, because it is easy to catch and damage.

This causes unpleasant painful sensations. When condyloma is located in the oral cavity, for example, on the soft palate or on the back of the tongue, it is allowed to notice it, by chance, when examined by a specialist. After finding the growth, the doctor will examine its structure.

Papilloma is a soft structure. And the shade is slightly lighter than the mucosa. When it is in the oral cavity, it will be rough.

A neoplasm in a child has a difference: the nipples appear to cover the tongue, cover the entire soft palate, and reach the tonsils. It is much easier to detect in children than in adults.

Special attention should be paid when examining elderly people: they often develop a cancerous tumor that resembles condyloma. Only carcinoma has a clear stamp at the base of the tissue from which the growth is formed.


Neoplasms under the tongue or in the oral cavity are treated under the supervision of a dermatologist. After a detailed and comprehensive study, he must prescribe medication. In some cases, warts can be removed surgically.

Medical therapy

Treatment consists of adherence to the following regulations:

  • Applicationlocalvitamin A oil solution therapy in the absence of indications for surgical removal of the growth.
  • Useinterferons,which reduce the amount of viral DNA in the focus of pathology.
  • Simultaneous applicationimmunostimulatingantiviral drugs.

There is currently no effective drug that can help you get rid of HPV completely. The use of any medication should be agreed with a specialist.

Antiviral treatment

Antiviral therapy involves the use of drugs to eliminate the development of HPV. Vitamin complexes are prescribed, which contribute to the activation of the body's defenses. The specialist recommends a balanced diet and an active lifestyle.

According to statistics, patients with papillomas have a weakened immune system. People with high immunity are carriers of HPV, but at the same time they do not have any manifestations on the skin.

The specialist prescribes immunomodulators, a complex of vitamins and restorative drugs. It should be borne in mind: immunity cannot be increased in one day by tablets. Medications are aimed at maintaining a weakened body during the critical period.


HPV is one of the few strains of the virus against which a vaccine has been developed. It includes organic matter similar in structure to the structure of live HPV viruses. Immunity against real pathogens is perfectly developed.

Before vaccination it is necessary to exclude:

  • Pregnancy.Get tested or have a blood test.
  • Serious usemedicalfunds.
  • Othervaccinations.
  • seriouslydiseaseblood.

Vaccinations are done intramuscularly. Dangerous side effects are extremely rare.


The method by which the papilloma will be removed must be chosen by a specialist. It depends on the location, the characteristics of the organism. There are the following ways to remove neoplasms:

  • Surgicalexcision with a surgical scalpel. After the procedure, "cauterization" is performed. A similar technique is used in the presence of individual growths or when they are inaccessible and it is impossible to use other methods.
  • laserelimination. The most effective, painless method without harmful effects. The disadvantage is the high cost of the procedure.
  • Electrocoagulation.The method involves cauterizing the growth with electricity. Disadvantages include painful manipulation and a long period of rehabilitation.
  • radio waveoperation. The technique is similar to the previous one, but instead of electricity, high-frequency radio waves act on the papilla. The pain is insignificant, with a minimal number of harmful effects and a short period of rehabilitation.
  • Cryodestruction.The most unpopular surgical way to remove papillomas on the tongue. The neoplasm is removed by the action of cold on it. The nipple is frozen to the temperature of liquid nitrogen. The growth will be frozen and die within a week.

If the technique involves excision of the nipple, then the biomaterial is sent for histological diagnosis to analyze the structure of the growth.


When papillomas appear on the tongue, the patient feels discomfort. So while eating, the growth can be easily removed. In addition, the formations are visible during the conversation and contribute to the change of speech.

Spiky formations bring not only physical, but also psychological inconveniences. In the background of such a condition, a person may experience discomfort at the examination at the dentist, ENT. Complexes also occur in communication with other people.

The localization of growths inside the oral cavity is a serious danger, because they can cause the penetration of another infection, which results in an increased risk of blood poisoning. All this often leads to oncological diseases, which often end in death.


It is not difficult to take measures to protect against this pathology. Reduce the possibility of HPV infection to a minimum:

  • avoid accidental and unprotectedgenitaliacontacts, use of contraception;
  • use personal belongingshygiene;
  • do itvaccinationfrom HPV to children and young women.

When the infection has already occurred, it is necessary to prevent the activation of the viral agent due to weakened immunity:

  • use complexesvitamins;
  • get rid of the badhabits;
  • to avoidstressfulsituations and stress.

HPV infection should not be neglected and its manifestations should not be left without appropriate treatment by a qualified doctor.

A papilloma on the tongue is a dangerous formation that requires a mandatory visit to a highly qualified doctor. The patient's main task will be to detect growth in a timely manner and seek professional help.